ERIC Number: ED362223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Increasing Enrollment Fees: Equity? or the Allocation of Opportunity? The Effects of Fees on Student Enrollment in the San Diego Community College District.
San Diego Community Coll. District, CA. Research and Planning.
In 1992, the state legislature in California voted to increase community college fees from $5 to $10 per unit, and to increase fees for students with bachelor's degree from $10 to $50 per unit. To better understand the fiscal, access, and equity issues associated with increased fees and declining enrollments in the San Diego Community College District (SDCCD), two research activities were conducted. Spring enrollments were examined from 1978 through 1993 to identify and analyze periods of fluctuation; and a comparison was made of student demographic and educational characteristics for spring 1992 and spring 1993 enrollees. In addition, 11,000 students enrolled in spring 1993 and fall 1993 were surveyed to examine the impact of fees on the students' enrollment plans. Study findings included the following: (1) districtwide, spring 1993 fee increases coincided with an 8% enrollment decline, a 5% drop in weekly student contact hours, and a 49% decline in enrollment among bachelor-degree holders; (2) analysis of enrollment declines by gender, ethnic, and age groupings showed little difference among the groups; (3) among respondents to the survey, 25% of Asian students indicated that an additional fee increase would prevent them from re-enrolling, compared with 9% of Black students and 7% of White students; and (4) respondents aged 41 years and older were more likely than those aged 22 to 25 years to not re-enroll as a result of additional fee increases. Detailed data tables and charts and copies of the survey instruments are included. (PAA)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Declining Enrollment, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Enrollment, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Trends, Fees, Paying for College, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Characteristics, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: San Diego Community Coll. District, CA. Research and Planning.