ERIC Number: ED362211
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jan
A Comprehensive Review of Learner-Control: The Role of Learner Characteristics.
Williams, Michael D.
This paper reviews findings from over 70 published studies investigating various facets of learner-control in computer-based instruction (CBI). General conclusions about the relative effectiveness of learner-control versus program-control are equivocal. Across these studies, however, are strong suggestions that individual learner differences can greatly contribute to both the choices students make and to the effectiveness of those choices. Some researchers examine those differences on a global level, interacting with such broad instructional variables as learner-control versus program-control, following an aptitude-treatment interaction paradigm. Other investigators, however, look for interactions occurring on a moment-by-moment basis under micro-instructional conditions, that is the task-specific situation encountered during the course of the lesson delivery. Other paradigms are also discussed. The review extends the previous surveys of Carrier (1984), Hannafin (1984), Milheim and Martin (1981), and Steinberg (1977, 1989), paying particular attention to the role of learner individual differences in the effectiveness of learner-controlled CBI. Specifically, the impact on learner-control effectiveness of both rational-cognitive processes and emotional-motivational states of the learner are highlighted. Useful instructional prescriptions are proposed which take into account these variables. Recommendations for future research are offered. (Contains 188 references.) (Author/KRN)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Learner Controlled Instruction, Literature Reviews, Models, Motivation, Performance Factors, Programmed Instruction, Research Needs, Student Characteristics
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (15th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 13-17, 1993); see IR 016 300.