ERIC Number: ED362113
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Independence for Swedish Universities and University Colleges. Sweden Is Preparing a Reform of Higher Education.
Ministry of Education and Science, Stockholm (Sweden).
This paper briefly describes a higher education reform movement underway in Sweden and offers, respectively, the text and a summary of two policy-forming memoranda. A 1977 legislative decision on all postsecondary education gave the government authority to set education policy, and based the entire university and university college system on politically defined needs. This situation provoked strong criticism from students and college and university faculty. In addition others critiqued the internal university administration. A 1991 task force was charged with changing the higher education organization. The text of one statement, signed by the minister of education and science, appears in full in the document. It advocates an emphasis on quality and an endeavor to grant increased freedom in various sectors of the higher education system. Also included is a detailed summary of the memorandum "Independence for Universities and University Colleges." This document proposes increased institutional independence in the following areas: the organization of studies; the programs offered; recruitment of students; appointment of faculty; institutional organization; and the disposition of financial resources and grants. Basic objectives would be high quality scholarship and freedom of research. The document also considers definitions of degrees offered in basic university education, training in research, evaluation and accountability, quantitative planning and resources, the organization of appointments, and institutional organization. (JB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministry of Education and Science, Stockholm (Sweden).
Identifiers - Location: Sweden