ERIC Number: ED362039
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Hegemony of English in Science and Technology.
Kaplan, Robert B.
A discussion of the dominant role of English in international science and technology looks at the interplay of several factors occurring during the post-World War II period: (1) imposition of English on the post-war world by the English-speaking victors (Britain, United States, Australia, New Zealand); (2) development of the first international databases and arrival of the computer age; and (3) important change in the nature of science and technology. It is argued that while English is predominant in these fields and is influential in some communicative domains, it has had little or no effect on the personal or group identities of large populations. Several non-English-speaking societies have used different strategies to address the hegemony of English in science and technology, but the strategies have been costly and not always successful. A 1989 survey of 502 scholars in Hungary investigating language use history, patterns, and attitudes revealed that while foreign language knowledge (including English) is common among Hungarian scholars, it is less common among older scholars. Scientists tend to publish more in English than do humanists and social scientists. It is suggested that this patterns of language use puts Hungarian scholars at a disadvantage in the international scientific community. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hungary