ERIC Number: ED362021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jan-10
Bilingual Evidence against the Principle of Contrast.
Prior research on early lexical acquisition in bilingual infants has been used by Clark (1987) to support the Principle of Contrast, which states that every two forms contrast in meaning. In this study of an English-Spanish bilingual child, it is argued that the Principle of Contrast is not applicable to bilingual acquisition in general. Daily diary records were supplemented by weekly video recordings from age 1;3 to 1;10. The adults involved spoke either only English with the child or only Spanish. The child's lexicon up to age 1;10 showed that one-third of the child's first 150 words was made up of translation equivalents that were synonymous in reference. Contrast, therefore, cannot be generalized to include bilingual acquisition if there is even one case that refutes its condition that children will give priority to known words and reject apparent synonyms in the earliest stages of acquisition, (Contains nine references.) (Author/JP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America (67th, Los Angeles, CA, January 7-10, 1993).