ERIC Number: ED362001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Apr-6
An Investigation of Given-New Taxonomy in Korean Discourse.
A study investigated the way given and new information is conveyed in Korean discourse by applying a taxonomy of given-new information, based on English discourse, to Korean. The taxonomy presumes that information packaging in natural language reflects sender's hypotheses about receiver's assumptions, beliefs, and strategies. Two types of Korean discourse were analyzed using the taxonomy; results were compared with those of the taxonomy's application to English texts. Results generally support the taxonomy and suggest that: (1) maximal use of old entities in discourse is universal regardless of linguistic differences between Korean and English; (2) topic noun phrases (NPs) in Korean Discourse convey the most given information; (3) generic NPs, always occurring with a topic marker in Korean, also convey the most given information; (4) the notion subject in Korean is not equivalent to that of English in terms of information-packing; (5) the same NP shows varying newness/givenness depending on its function in the discourse; (6) when a NP contains other entities, contained NPs are always the same or higher in familiarity than the host entity; (7) unlike English, the title in Korean academic discourse behaves more like an entity than a frame; and (8) different writing types rely on different sizes of discourse entity in delivering information. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning (4th, Urbana, IL, April 1990).