ERIC Number: ED361938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Building a Conceptual Model of Family Response to a Child's Chronic Illness or Disability.
McDonald, Thomas P.; And Others
This literature review provides information to help in building a model of family caregiving for children with emotional disorders, focusing on the elements of stress, coping, and appraisal. Because literature on families' perceptions, use of resources, and coping with a child with an emotional disorder is nonexistent, the review uses the literature on family responses to a child's chronic illness or disability. This literature is extensive and cuts across numerous professional domains and academic disciplines. The review describes two conceptual models that provide a view of family response to stress (R. Hill's ABCX model and R. Lazarus and S. Folkman's model). They serve as the basis for synthesizing a tentative but more comprehensive model. The proposed model is specified in terms of constructs or latent variables grouped into three categories: antecedent variables, mediators, and adaptational outcomes. In building a comprehensive model, the review identifies a range of factors, some of which some are given characteristics of the family, child, or community and others are changeable characteristics that may vary as families attempt to deal with their child's illness or disability. With a focus on the conceptual and operational definitions of the major identified mediators, the review looks backwards in the stress process to identify causal antecedents and forward in an attempt to specify adaptational outcomes that capture desired end states. (Contains approximately 130 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Portland State Univ., OR. Regional Research Inst. for Human Services.; Portland State Univ., OR. Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health.
Note: A product of the Families as Allies Project.