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ERIC Number: ED361727
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Mary Miles Bibb: Education and Moral Improvement in the "Voice of the Fugitive."
Tripp, Bernell E.
An ardent antislavery supporter and teacher, Mary Elizabeth Miles Bibb (c.1820-1877) knew the significance of an education and the purpose it would serve, in the classroom and in the newsroom, in establishing a better life for blacks prior to the Civil War. In 1847, her antislavery involvement allowed her to meet her future husband, Henry Bibb, who became well known throughout the United States and Canada as a primary participant in the antislavery movement. The Bibbs joined thousands of blacks who escaped to Canada in the wake of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Mary solicited funds from American abolitionists to start a school, and Henry raised money to start a newspaper, the "Voice of the Fugitive," which appealed to fugitive slaves who found sanctuary in Canada. Education was a recurring topic in the "Voice," probably due to Mary's influence. Henry Bibb went on several extended antislavery lecture tours, leaving Mary to oversee all the operations of the newspaper. Mary used the guise of the editor to speak out on issues of moral elevation, religion, education, the influence of the church, slavery, and food and shelter for newly arrived fugitives. Financial trouble plagued the "Fugitive," and when the offices burned in October 1853, the paper suspended publication. Henry Bibb died in 1854, and Mary moved to Windsor, established another private school, and eventually married Isaac N. Cary, who shared her enthusiasm for moral and social causes. While given little credit for her activities on the "Voice," Mary Bibb Cary significantly influenced the role the newspaper played in shaping the lives of black society in the U.S. and Canada. Promoting education as vital to black freedom and well-being, she used her own education to speak out at a time when women were expected to remain silent and so opened doors for both women and blacks that might otherwise have remained closed. (Eighty-one notes are included.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada