ERIC Number: ED361716
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Mar-27
Reference Count: N/A
New Directions in Research on Writing Apprehension.
Walsh, S. M.
In 1975, J. A. Daly and M. D. Miller devised and validated a 26-item questionnaire to better understand why having to write produces an extreme level of anxiety for some people. This questionnaire has been used extensively in related research since its introduction. Subsequent studies, which have shown writing apprehension to be ubiquitous--cutting across every strata and segment of society--have determined: (1) student awareness of appropriate writing behavior is a good predictor of the quality of writing that will result; (2) there is a significant correlation between writing apprehension and course grades; (3) apprehensive writers not only avoid writing but also avoid writing instruction; (4) the inhibiting effects of writing apprehension can be a critical factor influencing academic and career decisions; and (5) writing apprehension can have a crippling effect on self-image and personal productivity. Studies which have sought to determine the causes of writing apprehension have found fear of exposure and possible embarrassment, the paralyzing effect of the perceived need to be perfect, and inadequate practice to be debilitating factors. Other studies have found that a concentrated focus on specific situations, audiences, and purposes may have value in overcoming student writing apprehension. (Contains 45 references.) (NH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Writing Apprehension Test