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ERIC Number: ED361702
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-May
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The American Journalist in the 1990s.
Weaver, David; Wilhoit, G. Cleveland
Following up on similar studies done in 1971 and 1982-83, a study surveyed American journalists in 1992 to develop a statistical profile of the "typical" journalist and to see how today's journalists compare with those of 10 or 20 years ago. Telephone interviews were conducted during the summer of 1992 with 1410 journalists. Subjects in the main probability sample of 1156 were chosen randomly from news organizations also selected randomly; response rate was 81%. Overall finding (using preliminary data) was that, although the past decade has seen great changes in journalism and the larger society, and although there has been some change and progress among American journalists, it has also been a period of little growth in overall numbers and limited change in the representation of women and minorities in journalism. The "typical" American journalist in 1992 is a white Protestant male with a bachelor's degree from a public college, is 36 years old and married, earns $31,000 a year, has 12 years experience, does not belong to a journalism association, and works for a medium-sized group-owned daily newspaper. Although there are substantial numbers of women, non-Whites, and non-Protestants working for a wide variety of small and large news media, stalled growth in media employment appears to have affected the representation of women. A bachelor's degree has become the minimum qualification necessary for practicing journalism, although only at daily newspapers is the journalism degree becoming the norm. (Contains 38 statistical graphs.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A