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ERIC Number: ED361700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-May
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Writing for Readers?: Journalists' Use of Discourse Knowledge during the Newswriting Process.
Steinke, Jocelyn
A study used protocol analysis to trace a group of specialized journalists' cognitive processing of information. Science writers were selected because they were hypothesized to be particularly sensitive to the needs of their audience and to rely more on audience knowledge when making decisions. Five science journalists (of about 25 contacted at professional meetings) recorded their thoughts from the time they started to write an article until the time they finished. Tape recordings were transcribed and analyzed. Results indicated that discourse knowledge, rather than audience knowledge, motivated decision making throughout the newswriting process. Findings suggest that journalists' decision making is guided by journalistic discourse conventions, not by their knowledge of the audience. Journalists learn how to accommodate the audience by relying on discourse knowledge they obtain through their educational training, professional experience and interactions with other members of the journalistic discourse community. (Contains 36 references.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A