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ERIC Number: ED361640
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar-9
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Androgyny and Self-Esteem.
Middlebrook-Stangl, Ann
This paper examines the relationship between androgyny and self-esteem by reviewing recent research on the two topics. It is noted that, until recently, sex-typing was considered to be a normal healthy function of development and it was believed that people were happiest and most productive if their sex-typing matched their gender. Some recent research, however, indicates that self-esteem was often highest in subjects who adopt an instrumental view toward life (usually assigned as a male characteristic). Androgyny research is cited that showed a distinct class of people whose sex-role adaptability allowed them to use male and female behaviors in a way that promoted flexibility and independence. It is noted that increased self-esteem may be hypothesized to accompany such flexibility. Examples of recent research in the areas of androgyny and self-esteem are provided which allow for a greater breadth of definition for what constitutes self-esteem than much past research has included. The document concludes that, given the multidimensional aspects of both androgyny and self-esteem, a renewal of research interest in their interactions is likely to be productive. Moreover, future research needs to consider a more general population than that of college students and studies of men and women of differing ages, socioeconomic backgrounds, educational levels, and cultural affiliations are needed to provide a more complete view of the interaction of androgyny and self-esteem. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University.