ERIC Number: ED361458
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Urban Schools in Inner-City Communities. Occasional Paper #3.
Garibaldi, Antoine M.
This paper explores the recent two decades of school reform efforts and focuses on application of the Effective Schools movement's ideas in urban, economically depressed communities. Five common characteristics of effective schools are teacher and other staff who believe that all children can learn; safe, orderly, and work-oriented environments; principals who are instructional leaders; involved parents; and regular monitoring and feedback on academic progress. Transforming these principles into practice requires challenging instruction and demanding teachers. An evaluation of eight highly effective high schools in four states found that common characteristics included: (1) teachers describing their schools as pleasant environments where goals and rules were well articulated; (2) low teacher turnover rates; (3) principals who were instructional leaders; (4) teachers who felt that they had a meaningful role in school decision-making; (5) teachers who felt the support of administrators, parents, and community; (6) students who were positive about the school's learning and social atmosphere; (7) parents who were proud of the school and praised teachers and principals; and (8) community support provided in the form of college scholarships and sponsorship of school activities. The paper concludes that schools in inner-city communities that serve large numbers of non-white children can be as effective as any other school. (Contains 28 references.) (JB)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement, Effective Schools Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Guidelines, High Schools, Inner City, Institutional Characteristics, Minority Groups, School Effectiveness, Theory Practice Relationship, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
Urban Child Research Center, Levin College of Urban Affairs, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cleveland State Univ., OH. Urban Child Research Center.