ERIC Number: ED361188
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
A Social Reconstructionist View of the History of Earth and Space Sciences.
Barba, Robertta H.
Traditionally, earth and space sciences have been taught in American schools from a Eurocentric and/or androcentric viewpoint. In the past, emphasis in earth and space science curricula in schools has been placed on "the scientific method" and on "famous men in science." This view of the history of earth and space sciences excludes the contributions of many culturally diverse individuals and groups from history (Pearson & Bechtel, 1989) and deprives children of vitally needed role models. One goal of science education, including earth and space science education, as expressed in "The Liberal Art of Science," is "to increase the numbers of women, Blacks, and Hispanics who major in natural sciences and pursue science and science-related careers" (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1990). Actualization of this goal will require that culturally diverse children be involved in learning and doing science. This paper seeks to examine the historical roots of earth and space sciences as they are presented in currently used earth and space science textbooks in American public schools and to propose a culturally transforming model for those curriculum materials. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, (Atlanta, GA, April 15-19, 1993).