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ERIC Number: ED361175
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Ability-Paired Interactions and the Development of Fifth Graders' Concepts of Balance.
Carter, Glenda; Jones, M. Gail
This study describes the effects of ability-paired student interactions on achievement as fifth graders (ten-year-olds) worked on laboratory activities relating to balance. Achievement gains were assessed (n=83) by analysis of pre/posttest differences on the Lever Concept Test. Audio recordings and field notes (n=30) were analyzed for the following laboratory behaviors: number of words spoken, tinkering, block moving, turns speaking, incidence of helping and distracting behavior. Results revealed that: (1) low-ability student achievement is greater when they are paired with high-ability partners; (2) low-ability students speak more words, exhibit less distracting behavior, and move blocks on the lever less when they are paired with a partner of high-ability; (3) high-ability students speak more words, take more turns speaking, and exhibit more helping behaviors when they are paired with low-ability students rather than with other high-ability students; and (4) there are no achievement differences for high-ability students regardless of the ability level of their partner. These findings suggest that the heterogeneous grouping of students in science can be beneficial to low-ability students partnered with high-ability students, without being detrimental to the high-ability partners. Contains 21 references. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A