ERIC Number: ED361123
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Head Start Research Project: Variations in Service Delivery Models in Region X. Condensed Report.
Edgar, Eugene; And Others
A 2-year study was conducted to determine whether service delivery variables in Head Start programs have a direct, positive effect on child performance and home environment. The study sample of 402 four-year-old children was drawn from 12 Head Start programs in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. The centers represented three types of models: traditional center-based programs, home-based programs, and three different combination center- and home-based programs. Outcomes were measured using a variety of behavioral, developmental, and psychometric scales for children; kindergarten records; interviews with parents; home observations; and parent measures on locus of control, beliefs about child behavior, and social support. Study findings included the following: (1) at the end of the Head Start year (Year 1), the combination models achieved equivalent outcomes as the center- or home-based models; (2) after Year 1, neither the number of center nor home visits was associated with child performance gains; (3) at the end of years 1 and 2 (the kindergarten year), there were no significant differences among the models in improvements in the home environment; however the home-based programs consistently achieved higher scores on measures of home environment; (4) there was no relationship between improvements in the home environment and gains in child performance; and (5) after Year 1, programs within similar models produced different child performance gains, but after Year 2, similar programs produced equivalent gains. (AC)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Comparative Analysis, Delivery Systems, Family Environment, Family School Relationship, Home Instruction, Home Programs, Home Visits, Kindergarten, Longitudinal Studies, Outcomes of Education, Parent Attitudes, Preschool Education, Pretests Posttests, Program Effectiveness, Student Development, Teaching Methods, Young Children
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Research Inst., Seattle.