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ERIC Number: ED361115
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Feb
Pages: 49
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Developmental Precursors of Externalizing Behavior: Ages 1 to 3.
Shaw, Daniel S.; And Others
Despite previous research indicating that early negative child behavior and the quality of parent-child relationships are predictive of later externalizing problems, few investigators have attempted to trace these antecedents back to infancy. In a sample of 100 infants from low-income families, infant persistence and maternal responsiveness were measured at 12 months, infant noncompliance and aggression were measured at 18 and 24 months, and child externalizing behavior was assessed at 36 months. Three videotaped laboratory assessments were conducted at 12, 18, and 24 months; a home visit was conducted at 15 months; and mothers were sent the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist. Each laboratory assessment lasted approximately 2 hours, and was purposely varied in stress level to observe parent and infant behavior across a broad spectrum of contexts (e.g., free play versus the Strange Situation Test). It was possible to identify developmental sequences leading from infant persistence and lack of maternal responsiveness to later child disruptive, aggressive behavior at ages 2 and 3. Gender differences were found with respect to the range and type of variables that showed continuity in predicting disruptive behavior. For boys, salient predictors were maternal unresponsiveness, infant attention-seeking, aggression, and noncompliance. For girls, infant noncompliance was related to both age 3 externalizing and internalizing behavior problems. (Author/AC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A