ERIC Number: ED361097
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Relations among Indices of Maternal Stress, Support, Adjustment, and Parenting Strategies: A Study of Low-Income Families.
Winslow, Emily B.; Shaw, Daniel S.
A study examined relations among maternal stress, social support, adjustment, and the use of positive (encouraging) or negative (punitive) control strategies in a low socioeconomic status sample. The study sample consisted of 40 mother-son dyads examined longitudinally when the children were 18 and 24 months of age. During this period, mothers generally begin to increase their use of disciplinary strategies due to children's increasing mobility and cognitive development. At both assessments, mothers and their sons participated in a structured clean-up task designed to elicit the use of maternal control strategies. Mothers also completed self-report measures of daily child-rearing problems, social support, marital satisfaction, depressive symptomatology, and demographic information. Child compliance and noncompliance during the tasks were rated. Study findings included the following: (1) mothers experiencing low marital satisfaction and low social support at the 18-month assessment used more punitive strategies at 24 months; (2) 18-month maternal self-report indices were associated more strongly with 24-month control strategies than 18-month strategies; (3) though the quality of support and satisfaction mothers received from significant relationships seemed to influence the development of parenting style, daily child-rearing stress did not correlate significantly with maternal stress at either age; and (4) mothers reporting lower relationship satisfaction, lower support, and lower adjustment did not employ significantly fewer contingent control strategies. (AC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A