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ERIC Number: ED361095
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Reflectivity and Strategy Choice in Two Problem Solving Domains.
Ricard, Richard J.; And Others
This study examined children's problem solving strategies by testing the verbal and mathematical abilities of 52 second-grade and 51 fourth-grade students. After being identified as either reflective or impulsive, based on Kagan's Matching Familiar Figures Test, the children were given grade-appropriate mathematical and verbal reasoning problems to solve. The children then identified three types of strategies that they had used to solve the problems: (1) external aids, such as pencil and paper; (2) internal reasoning, such as visualizing the problem; and (3) retrieval, the immediate retrieval of an answer without any apparent effort. Results indicated that fourth-graders used a significantly greater proportion of external aids than did second-graders, and that reflective children generally adopted strategies that afforded them high confidence in accuracy, ones using external aids or internal reasoning. Reflective children also demonstrated more accuracy than impulsive children in solving both the math and verbal problems. Boys in both grades were more likely than girls to use internal reasoning on verbal problems, while girls were more likely than boys to use external aids on math problems. Overall, children preferred strategies requiring the most effort, suggesting that they are conservative in their strategy choices. (Contains 23 references.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Matching Familiar Figures Test