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ERIC Number: ED361080
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Developmental Changes in Toddlers' Social Orientation and Affect during Mastery Play.
Jennings, Kay Donahue
This study explored how toddlers' increasing social sophistication and increasing ability to coordinate attention between the social and object realm are reflected in toddlers' mastery play. A total of 57 toddlers (24 boys and 33 girls from a wide range of socio-economic backgrounds) between the ages of 15 and 35 months participated in 7 mastery tasks initially presented by an adult examiner. The study examined developmental changes in three areas: (1) regulation of attention to tasks and people; (2) regulation of affect during mastery play; and (3) internalization of mastery standards. It was found that younger toddlers, as expected, required more adult prompts to maintain their task focus, but were able to coordinate their attention to objects and persons about as well as older toddlers. Younger toddlers also had more difficulty regulating negative affect to frustrations inherent in mastery tasks, although responses to failure were generally similar across age groups. Evidence of internalization of culturally defined standards for mastery, such as pride in task completion, was found for even the youngest toddlers. The results suggest greater sophistication in young toddlers' mastery play than was previously thought. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A