ERIC Number: ED360953
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jun-2
Reference Count: N/A
National Education Association Communications Survey. Report of Findings.
Princeton Survey Research Associates, NJ.
A national telephone survey of 1,206 regular education teachers was conducted on behalf of the National Education Association to determine the incidence of school-provided educational technology and to assess teacher perceptions of their effects on the education process. Some forms of technology, such as photocopiers, television, and videocassette recorders, were found to be almost universally available. Roughly 9 in 10 teachers have access to computers, but other electronic hardware has not become standard. Less than half of the teachers have access to a modem at school, and less than one-third have access to a fax machine. Most teachers lack easy access to a telephone during the school day. Schools are slow to replace outmoded technologies, such as mimeographs and dittos. A high technology environment is more likely for affluent and suburban schools. Large city schools are more backward technologically than schools in small town and rural America. In elementary school grades, computers tend to be distributed in individual classrooms, but in higher grades they are likely to be concentrated in laboratories. Sizable proportions of teachers lack access to technologies they believe to be essential resources, with the most serious obstacle being budgetary limitations. Twenty-four tables present study findings. Two versions of the questionnaire are included, and a technical appendix describes the study methodology. (SLD)
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Educational Technology, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education, Incidence, Microcomputers, Regular Education Teachers, Reprography, Retrenchment, Secondary School Teachers, Tables (Data), Teacher Attitudes, Technological Advancement, Telephone Surveys, Television, Use Studies, Videotape Recorders
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Education Association, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Princeton Survey Research Associates, NJ.