ERIC Number: ED360875
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Whole Language: How Does It Support Second Language Learners?
Freeman, David; Freeman, Yvonne
Seven false but common assumptions about bilingual learners are examined, and whole language principles offering alternatives to those assumptions are presented. The seven assumptions include the following: (1) learning proceeds from part to whole; (2) classes should be teacher-centered; (3) lessons should serve students' future needs; (4) learning occurs as individuals practice skills and form habits; (5) learning oral language precedes learning to read and write; (6) bilingual learners have limited potential; and (7) learning should take place in English to facilitate assimilation. Particular emphasis is given to the last assumption, and ways of working with English-as-a-Second-Language learners using their native language are suggested. Both research and anecdotal evidence are offered in support of the alternative techniques. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: Malave, Lilliam M., Ed. Annual Conference Journal. Proceedings of the National Association for Bilingual Education Conferences (Tucson, AZ, 1990; Washington, DC, 1991). Washington, DC, 1993, p159-174; see FL 021 457.