ERIC Number: ED360828
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Predictors of Foreign Language Gain during Study Abroad. NFLC Occasional Papers.
Brecht, Richard D.; And Others
A large-scale statistical study of the predictors of language gain during study abroad is reported. Subjects were 658 American college and graduate students in the Soviet Union between spring 1984 and spring 1990. Variables examined included student characteristics (age, gender, citizenship, country of birth, place and levels of formal education, highest degree taken, major, prior Russian and other second language training and experience, program type, overseas host institution) and a variety of language measures (proficiency tests, program qualifying exams, learning style or aptitude data). Statistical procedures used are outlined, and results are charted and discussed. It was found that certain student characteristics were predictive of language gains abroad, including gender, experience in learning other foreign languages, and command of grammar and reading skills. Implications are seen for student preparation and selection, in-country program design, and second-language instruction in general. A brief bibliography and author notes are included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, College Students, Graduate Students, Grammar, Higher Education, Language Proficiency, Language Skills, Predictor Variables, Reading Skills, Second Language Learning, Second Languages, Sex Differences, Student Characteristics, Study Abroad
National Foreign Language Center, 1619 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20036 ($5 prepaid).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Washington, DC. National Foreign Language Center.