ERIC Number: ED360797
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
An Experimental Assessment of Facilitated Communication. A Technical Assistance Report on Best Practices--Report #92-TA1.
Wheeler, Douglas L.; And Others
Twelve people living at the O. D. Heck Developmental Center Autism Program participated in this study, along with nine people who provided facilitated communication (FC) support to them. The 12 individuals were selected because they were the most competent producers of FC in the program. The study involved showing pictures of everyday objects to the participants, within the following three conditions: (1) only participants were shown a picture and asked to type out a label for the object shown, with facilitation; (2) only participants were shown a picture and asked to type out a label or description of the object, without facilitation; and (3) both participants and facilitators were shown pictures, and each was unable to see the picture the other was shown, which were the same in half the trials and different in the other half. Findings showed that participants were unable to produce accurate or correct labels or descriptions, by either typing independently or when being facilitated, in the absence of a picture being shown to the facilitator. On trials when the facilitators and participants had different cards, the only "correct" labels were for the cards shown to the facilitators and not shown to the participants. This finding demonstrates that the facilitators were not only influencing (unknowingly), but in fact, determining what was typed. (Contains 25 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York State Developmental Disabilities Planning Council.; New York State Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, Albany.
Authoring Institution: O.D. Heck/Eleanor Roosevelt District Developmental Services Office, Schenectady, NY.