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ERIC Number: ED360787
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Comparison of Temperament Ratings in Children with Autism, Children with Mental Retardation, and Typical Children.
Ratekin, Cindy
The effect of "temperament" in a school-like environment was evaluated for 30 children with mental retardation, 30 children with autism, and 30 typical children (all groups with a mean mental age of 23 to 24 months). Five-minute videotapes of each child attempting to complete a puzzle were viewed and scored by raters on the University of California (Los Angeles) Temperament Form. This instrument results in independent scores on the dimensions of activity, adaptability, approach/withdrawal, attention, distractibility, intensity, mood, and sensitivity. These dimensions are loaded into three factors: task orientation, personal social flexibility, and reactivity. Findings indicated that the children with autism differed significantly on dimensions of temperament in a negative direction from children with mental retardation or normally developing children. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A