ERIC Number: ED360777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Differences in the Metalinguistic Development of Children with Oral Language, Written Language Problems, or Both.
Chesnick, Marie; And Others
This paper addresses whether differences in metalinguistic abilities exist initially in children with oral language processing problems alone, reading problems alone, or both reading and oral language problems and examines whether these selected ability groups respond differently when provided with periodic intervention involving metalinguistic tasks under various encoding and retrieval conditions. The 140 subjects (ages 5-12) were classified as having oral language only problems, reading problems, combined problems, or being at risk. Subjects were administered an experimental battery of metalinguistic tasks. Reassessment after 9 months indicated that there were no significant differences among the four groups in their performance on any of the metalinguistic tasks, when given help in encoding or in retrieving the linguistic categories and relations, though there had been initial differences in the groups' performances. Comparisons of the performance of the four experimental groups and the control children at reassessment indicated that the experimental children performed significantly better than controls on the phoneme segmentation tasks, syntactic tasks, and sentence processing tasks. The two groups did not differ on the lexical tasks. Overall, the results indicated that the encoding and retrieval strategies that were given significantly affected the experimental groups' ability to perform on some types of tasks. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders, Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).