ERIC Number: ED360612
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Monitoring Reading Comprehension by Thinking Aloud. Instructional Resource No. 1.
Baumann, James F.; And Others
A think-aloud instructional program was developed to help students acquire the ability to monitor their reading comprehension and to employ various strategies to deal with comprehension breakdowns. Several research studies indicate that comprehension monitoring abilities discriminate successful readers from less successful ones and that think-aloud instruction is superior to directed reading activity. Clark Canine, Super Reporter, a play on the Superman character, appears through the 10 lessons of the instructional program. Students are taught to see the role of the reader (one who interviews writers) as analogous to the role of a reporter (one who interviews people). Each of the lessons has three phases: an introduction consisting of an overview and verbal explanation of the strategy; a teacher modeling segment; and a guided application and independent practice period. The 10 lessons are: self questioning; sources of information; think-aloud introduction; think-aloud review; predicting, reading, and verifying; understanding unstated information; retelling a story; rereading and reading on; and two lessons involving think aloud/comprehension monitoring application. The instructional program can be modified or adapted in various ways in classrooms other than regular reading classrooms. Think alouds provide teachers an effective, useful, and flexible technique for helping students acquire control over their comprehension processing of written texts. (A figure of the Clark Canine character and a table listing lesson content are included; 28 references are attached.) (RS)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Instructional Effectiveness, Lesson Plans, Metacognition, Program Descriptions, Protocol Analysis, Reading Comprehension, Reading Instruction, Reading Strategies
National Reading Research Center, University of Georgia, 318 Aderhold Hall, Athens, GA 30602 ($4; prepaid by check or money order payable to NRRC/UGARF).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Reading Research Center, Athens, GA.; National Reading Research Center, College Park, MD.