ERIC Number: ED360606
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
"What I Hear You Saying Is...": Comparison of Two Counseling Approaches in Interracial Counselor-Client Initial Interactions.
Dillon, Randy K.
It has been estimated that, by the year 2000, 30% of the American population will hold minority status. More than 50% of minority individuals who seek counseling services terminate after the first session, compared to 30% for white clients. This study examined whether counseling technique was a relevant factor in multicultural counseling by comparing the Rogerian person-centered approach to reality therapy in counseling dyads involving a white counselor and a black client. Black undergraduate students (N=31) viewed videotaped counseling sessions that used either reality therapy or person-centered therapy and completed feedback forms expressing their degree of satisfaction with each scene. The findings revealed that black students viewed reality therapy as more beneficial than person-centered therapy. Black students viewed reality therapy more favorably than person-centered therapy on 7 of 15 statements. The counselor in the reality scene was viewed as honest by 90% of subjects, while the counselor in the person-centered scene was viewed as honest by 52% of the subjects. Only 29% of the subjects felt that the client on the videotape should return to the person-centered counselor, compared to 81% who agreed that the client should return to the reality therapy counselor. (NB)
Descriptors: Black Students, Client Characteristics (Human Services), Counseling Techniques, Counselor Client Relationship, Counselor Role, Ethnicity, Higher Education, Interpersonal Communication, Listening Skills, Minority Groups, Nondirective Counseling, Racial Differences, Reality Therapy, Termination of Treatment, Undergraduate Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Listening Association (Memphis, TN, March 3-6, 1993).