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ERIC Number: ED360579
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Use of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales to Predict Accurate Social Perception.
Ridenhour, Suzanne M.; Brownlow, Sheila
Adaptive behavior refers to behaviors that demonstrate an age-appropriate level of adjustment and independence within one's cultural group. Many adaptive behaviors involve social perception, which may be described as knowing who does what, with whom, where, and when. The demonstration of these behaviors may be an important factor in the ability of an individual with mental retardation to successfully integrate into the community. This study examined social perception among 48 mentally retarded adults classified as having either moderate or severe deficits in adaptive behavior by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Participants listened to stories detailing social interactions in which a character exhibited warmth or dominance, and were asked to choose one picture from two choices of the man who was the character in the story. As past research has demonstrated that baby-faced people are perceived as warm and kind, and mature-faced people are viewed as dominant, the pictures depicted a mature- and a baby-faced choice. The results indicated that males with moderate deficits in adaptive behavior consistently made accurate attributions of warmth to the baby-faced man and dominance to the mature-faced man. Moreover, neither chronological age nor intelligence quotient were positively related to attribution accuracy. The results indicated that the Vineland measure is a determinant of socially-adaptive skills for some mentally retarded people. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales