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ERIC Number: ED360573
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Problem Drinking Screening in College Students Using the CAGE.
Heck, Edward J.; And Others
The CAGE instrument is a 4-item questionnaire used for routine and rapid screening of alcohol problems. The term "CAGE" is an acronym with each letter representing one of the four items that comprise the instrument. A positive endorsement of two or more items is considered to be the threshold score, indicating the possibility of a drinking problem. The CAGE has demonstrated a high degree of accuracy in identifying alcoholism and excessive drinking in adults. The CAGE has been recommended as a screening test that is useful in identifying college students whose alcohol use may warrant further investigation. Two studies were conducted to examine the validity of the CAGE as a screening instrument for detecting problem drinking in a college student population. The two studies were conducted at a large midwestern university in 1988 and 1992. The 1988 sample consisted of 508 student drinkers, 69 of whom were identified as problem drinkers, 204 of whom were identified as normal drinkers, and 235 of whom fell between these two groups. The 1992 sample consisted of 444 student drinkers, 41 of whom were identified as problem drinkers, 197 of whom were identified as normal drinkers, and 206 of whom fell between these two groups. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values were calculated for all CAGE cutoff scores. Based on calculations from both studies, the CAGE is not recommended for problem drinking screening with college students of either gender. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A