ERIC Number: ED360510
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work. States Move Unevenly To Serve Teen Parents in JOBS. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
A study reviewed how states are serving teen parents in the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training (JOBS) program. Teen parents receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) during a selected month of fiscal year 1992 were randomly sampled in 16 states. A questionnaire collected data from their JOBS and AFDC case workers. Telephone interviews were conducted with the case workers and JOBS and teen parent program directors. Results indicated that, although JOBS helped some AFDC teen parents complete their education, states had moved unevenly to enroll teen parents. Overall, about 24 percent of AFDC teen parents had been enrolled in JOBS, but the share varied by states, ranging from 7 to 53 percent. In selecting teen parents for enrollment in JOBS, states did not appear to favor enrolling the easier to serve (volunteers) over those mandated to participate. States' approaches to serving teen parents and their overall financial commitment to the JOBS program affected whether a teen parent was enrolled. Teen parents living in states making a greater financial commitment to JOBS were more likely to be enrolled. Although state actions emerged as key factors affecting teen parents' enrollment, inadequate local services and teen parents' characteristics were significant influences on their success in school. (Appendixes provide the scope and methodology, present summary data on selected characteristics of AFDC teen parents and JOBS services received by teen parents, and summarize responses to questionnaires.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adult Education, Early Parenthood, Employment Programs, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Rate, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, High Schools, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Statewide Planning, Success, Welfare Recipients
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies, $2 each; 100 or more, 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children