ERIC Number: ED360490
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation of Public Policies on Employment: Issues, Tools and Methods.
Bouder, Annie; And Others
Training & Employment: French Dimensions, n11 Spr 1993
The increasing use of job training or retraining and employment programs in response to high rates of unemployment in France has spurred interest in program evaluation to see what results have been achieved. The contribution of traditional standardized evaluations and of emerging methodologies is being examined. Traditional evaluation methods focus on postprogram return to employment. The standard methodology consists of quantitative statistical surveys. Two very different approaches can be distinguished: the first targets the situation of program leavers at a given date, and the second traces the path of a cohort of potential public policy beneficiaries over time. Whether derived from transversal or longitudinal evaluation methods, such observations are often related to standard, classic sociodemographic variables. The rates of return to employment after participation in a program, as well as the description of individual progress, show that there is no determinist relationship between participation in the programs and return to employment. Thus, these evaluations suggest a greater complexity of entry and reentry processes, which other approaches attempt to examine. Two such approaches can be identified--one based on the strategies used by the beneficiaries and the other analyzing the interactions between the agents of entry (local representatives of national agencies, local employment agencies, training organizations, and potential or real employers) and specific socioeconomic conditions. The methods for identifying these variables consist of non- or semidirective interviews with the participants. Better qualitative evaluation methods, coupled with quantitative approaches, are needed. (KC)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur les Qualifications, Marseilles (France).
Identifiers - Location: France