ERIC Number: ED360481
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
The Historical Development of Vocational Education in the United States: Colonial America through the Morrill Legislation.
Miller, Michael T.
In Colonial America vocational education remained separate from defined educational settings and was confined to the working classes. Separation of vocational training from the colleges persisted until the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in the late 1700s, at which time increased dependence on technology led educators to acknowledge the need to extend vocational education into the college curriculum. Passage of the Morrill Act (the legislation authorizing land-grant colleges) in 1862 did more than open higher education to a broader public and improve agricultural techniques. It also resulted in development of the concept of integrated academics. For the first time, classical studies ranging from languages to mathematics were integrated into agricultural and science courses. Faced with a lack of adequately prepared students for higher education, leaders in the land-grant colleges created university high schools that placed vocational preparation at the forefront of their curriculum. Despite resistance by some higher education officials, vocational education began to make substantial progress as scholars and practitioners at colleges and universities furthered the development of vocational education through research and service to secondary school teachers and administrators. (Contains 16 references.) (MN)
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Morrill Act 1862