ERIC Number: ED360451
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Homelessness: As Experienced by Four Cohorts of Cleveland Public School Students 1987-1991.
Holland, Ann K.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.
The social and educational status of children from homeless families was studied in four cohorts of Cleveland (Ohio) public school students who requested transportation from homeless shelters for the school years from 1987-88 to 1990-91. Total cohort size ranged from the 1987-88 high of 39 students to the 1990-91 low of 22 students, with 36 students in 1988-89 and 28 students in 1989-90. In the second through fourth cohorts there was a higher percentage of African American students than the 69 percent typical of the school district. The great majority of students in all cohorts were elementary school students, and almost all received free or reduced price meals. Between 7 and 13 percent withdrew in each cohort year, but few actually dropped out of school. The suspension rate for all cohorts was relatively low, but over half transferred at least once during the year of homelessness. Overall results suggest that the experience of homelessness is not as detrimental to the educational experience as had been hypothesized, although the experience appears more detrimental for secondary school students. Cohort students did not evidence particular behavioral problems. Support and special programs appeared influential in keeping homeless students in school. Recommendations are made for program improvement. Appendix A contains a table of cohort data. Appendixes B through J contain bar graphs of student characteristics. (SLD)
Descriptors: Black Students, Children, Cohort Analysis, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Experience, Elementary Secondary Education, Homeless People, Longitudinal Studies, Poverty, Program Improvement, Student Mobility, Trend Analysis, Urban Problems, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A