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ERIC Number: ED360335
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Use of Cognitive Taxonomies in Licensure and Certification Test Development: Reasonable or Customary?
Webb, Lynn C.; And Others
The functioning of a cognitive taxonomy within the test specifications of an allied health certification examination was studied. The taxonomy used was a simplification of the scheme of B. S. Bloom (1956), in which items were classified as comprehension, application, or analysis. Whether items written purposely to assess higher order cognitive processes actually assessed differing levels of cognitive processing was explored. A factor analysis of responses of 627 examinees does not support a cumulative hierarchical model of cognitive complexity. Several cases of model misfit were observed, in which some examinees performed better on the higher level subtest than on the lower level subtest, a finding that is counter to that which would be predicted under a functioning cumulative, hierarchical model. A finding that supported the hypothesis of functioning cognitive levels was that examinees who scored in the upper quartile of the higher level subtest were more likely to pass the examination than were those who scored in the lowest quartile. Overall, results support continued use of a cognitive classification dimension for test specifications. Implications for test specifications development, test construction, item writing, and score reporting are presented, as are limitations and suggestions for further research. Five tables present study findings. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A