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ERIC Number: ED360317
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Hierarchical Linear Modeling of Class Ability Range on Student Mathematics Achievement.
Bode, Rita K.
To determine whether the range of ability within the classroom has a significant effect on students' performance in mathematics, and to identify the class compositional or instructional characteristics that contribute to differences between homogeneous and heterogeneous classes in terms of mathematics achievement, an analysis was conducted using data from the Second International Mathematics Study. The sample consisted of 1,319 eighth graders in 79 classes from 61 schools. Data included pretest and posttest scores on the study's mathematics test, student and family characteristics, and student attitudes toward mathematics concerning effort. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to study relationships. Results support previous research that found no advantage to being in a class with either heterogeneous or homogeneous ability levels. There was a non-significant effect of range of ability on the outcome. Results also point to the differentiating effect of previous achievement on subsequent mathematics achievement. Advantages of the HLM procedure are discussed. Four tables present study findings. An appendix describes the student-level variables. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A