ERIC Number: ED360243
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
The Interaction of Race, Gender, and Socioeconomic Status in Education Outcomes. Center for Research on Women Working Paper Series No. 246.
Burbridge, Lynn C.
This study is part of an on-going research project to assess differences in educational attainment when controlling for race, sex, and socioeconomic status. The National Educational Longitudinal Survey (NELS) 1988 of 8th graders and a survey of 10th graders, High School and Beyond 1980-82 (HSB), were utilized to obtain data that were then analyzed. This research found that socioeconomic status determined educational outcomes more than any other variable. This result is in keeping with the findings in previous research. In addition, the study found that the school performance of low socioeconomic status boys is not as good as that of girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds in the eighth grade sample. This finding was consistent across racial and ethnic groups. The finding did not hold true in the high school sample however. Although this result was due in part to the fact that many low performing boys may have dropped out, those boys who remained in school made considerable gains relative to girls as they approached graduation. Boys from higher socioeconomic homes did as well as or better than girls in both data sets. Nevertheless, girls expressed a greater interest in college, especially girls from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. Black and Hispanic girls were more likely to take advanced placement examinations. This may reflect the better employment opportunities many boys have right after high school. Many Black young men and some Hispanics express interest in the military as an alternative to college. (DK)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Females, Grade 10, Grade 8, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, Males, Outcomes of Education, Racial Factors, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Status
Publications Department, Center for Research on Women, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181-8259 ($5 plus $2 postage and handling).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Sponsor: American Association of Univ. Women Educational Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wellesley Coll., MA. Center for Research on Women.