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ERIC Number: ED360224
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Pre-School Education in Egypt, Oman and Japan: A Comparative Perspective.
Dahawy, Bayoumi Mohamed
This paper examines preschool education in Egypt, Oman, and Japan in the light of the comparative education approach developed by George Bereday utilizing description, interpretation, juxtaposition, and comparison. The literature of early childhood education is surveyed, beginning with the three most influential pioneers: Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel, Maria Montessori, and Rudolf Steiner, and a list of 10 common principles drawn from their works are enumerated. In Egypt the number of preschools affiliated with primary schools has expanded. Governing bodies have been asked to expand preschool education in order to aid working mothers. In Oman there are no government nursery schools, but a very small number of coeducational private schools exist. In view of the increasing entry of women into the work force, governmental kindergartens may be necessary in the near future. However in Egypt and Oman, most children of kindergarten age still are looked after by parents or extended family. The assumption of the study is that preschool education level would achieve its aims and meet societal demand if the aims, admission system, curriculum, teacher training, and administration were available and well established and each of these elements is examined in relation to each of the three countries under study. Despite the cultural differences between the Arab countries and Japan, the study reveals that there are more similarities than differences concerning educational goals. The three societies always have been under the influence of traditions and moral values internally, and the influence of western educational theories externally. Both Egyptian and Japanese societies pay great attention to preschool education. These two countries stress moral education especially at this early level. In Oman because of limited resources there is no specific curricula for this age level. (DK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Egypt; Japan; Oman