ERIC Number: ED360129
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Equivocal Prospects for Indian Reservations. Occasional Paper 1993-2.
Levitan, Sar A.; Miller, Elizabeth I.
This paper analyzes and evaluates federal assistance to Indians on or near reservations and recommends public policies to promote self-determination through economic development. Most Indian tribes rely on federal funds for basic necessities and services. At current funding levels, reservation residents lead lives of deprivation or opt for outmigration to achieve personal self-sufficiency. The goal of federal policy should be to raise the standard of living on reservations by expanding opportunities for individuals to function independently of the federal welfare system. A precondition to achieving this goal is the creation of effective tribal governments. The key to tribal economic success lies in taking advantage of all available federal, human, and natural resources. In particular, a comprehensive reform of reservation educational and training systems is necessary to expand self-governance initiatives. Tribes that achieve self-sufficiency will face conflicts between economic development and cultural identity. This paper provides overviews of: (1) American Indian demography; (2) the history of federal Indian policies; (3) reservation economies (employment and welfare); (4) land resources and land use (agriculture, mining, water rights, and environmental issues); (5) federal economic development programs, private investments, and reservation gambling; (6) education (schools, funding, educational attainment, achievement, tribal colleges, and use of new technologies); (7) job training programs; and (8) tribal government, courts, and taxation issues. (SV)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Reservations, Economic Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Indian Relationship, Federal Programs, Human Capital, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Tribal Sovereignty, Tribes
Public Interest Publications, P.O. Box 229, Arlington, VA 22210 ($6).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Center for Social Policy Studies.