ERIC Number: ED360104
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Dispositions: Definitions and Implications for Early Childhood Practices. Perspectives from ERIC/EECE: A Monograph Series, No. 4.
Katz, Lilian G.
This monograph consists of a paper that examines the construct "disposition," and explores its relevance to curriculum and teaching practices in early childhood education, and a selected ERIC bibliography relating to this subject. The paper is organized in two parts. Part 1 provides a definition of disposition and definitions of the related terms "inclination,""cognitive style," and "learning style." The definition of disposition can be clarified by comparing the construct of disposition to other personal characteristics, namely: (1) traits, which are sometimes not distinguished from dispositions; (2) thought processes; (3) skills, which may exist without the disposition to use them; (4) attitudes, which are enduring organizations of beliefs; (5) habits, which are actions that are not the consequence of reflection; (6) the work inhibition of children who do not do work required of them despite their capability to do so; and (7) motives, which are considered to be more general than dispositions. Part 2 suggests seven reasons why the development of desirable dispositions should be included among the goals of early childhood education. The most important of these reasons is that the acquisition of knowledge and skills alone does not guarantee that children will use the knowledge and skills. A list of 47 references is provided. The bibliography that follows consists of 13 documents and 38 journal articles on dispositions, motivation, and praise that were selected from a search of the ERIC database. Each item in the bibliography contains bibliographic information and an abstract of the document or article. (BC)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Cognitive Processes, Definitions, Early Childhood Education, Educational Practices, Elementary School Students, Personality Traits, Praise, Preschool Children, Skill Development, Student Motivation
ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, 805 West Pennsylvania Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801 (Catalog No. 211, $5, plus $1.50 postage and handling).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Opinion Papers; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.