ERIC Number: ED360092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Alliance Patterns Formed among Early Adolescents and Their Parents.
St. John, Linda
To gather information on the role of gender in parent-adolescent interactions, a study was conducted of patterns of alliances formed during disagreements between 28 male and 28 female early adolescents and their parents. Interactions among adolescents and their parents were recorded while they planned an ideal vacation, and the transcripts were coded for meaning, occasions of disagreement between two individuals, and alliances formed in the disagreement by the third person. Alliances were defined as a third person entering a disagreement and taking sides, and were coded as either supporting or negating the idea in dispute. Results indicated that: (1) parents formed more supporting and negating alliances than did adolescents; (2) boys and girls did not differ in the way they formed alliances, while parents showed significant gender differences in their coordination of responses to disagreements; (3) mothers formed more alliances in families with boys than in families with girls; (4) when fathers opposed sons, mothers were more likely to add their opposition than fathers were when the mothers opposed sons; (5) fathers were more likely to take sides by supporting ideas in families with boys than in families with girls; and (6) fathers were more likely to support mothers' ideas when opposed by sons than when opposed by daughters. Graphs of alliance patterns are included. (AC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (60th, New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).