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ERIC Number: ED360088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence.
Morgan, Harry
The theory of multiple intelligence (MI) propounded by Gardner and Hatch suggests that human beings have seven distinct units of intellectual functioning, and that these units are actually separate intelligences with their own observable and measurable abilities. These intelligences were identified as logical-mathematical, linguistic, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. These units, however, bear striking resemblance to cognitive style constructs and intelligence quotient factors identified by others in unified theories of intelligence. In fact, MI theory merely adapts factors identified as primary abilities in factor analyses of data derived from intelligence tests and relabels them as intelligences. A review of the literature on cognitive styles shows numerous compatibilities between styles of cognition and the MI intelligences. For example, the logical-mathematical intelligence is applied to individuals who are sensitive to logical or numerical patterns and have the ability to handle long chains of reasoning, and whose ideal career is as scientists or mathematicians. These characteristics are compatible with the cognitive style identified as field-independent, and also with numerical ability, one of the factors identified by intelligence factor analysis. While single factor constructs of intelligence have certainly been invalidated by current research, the label of separate intelligences for aspects of cognition does not appear to be warranted. Critiques of each of the seven MI intelligences and 97 references are included. (BCY)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A