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ERIC Number: ED360042
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Beginning of Movement for Re-Education of Parents in Japan in the 1920's.
Kobayashi, Keiko
In the late 1920s, in conjunction with a new passion for freedom and concern for human rights, two associations were formed in Japan to promote parents' education and children's welfare. In 1928, following a 2-year study of education in America, Tetsuya Kamimura started the Japan Parents' Re-education Association. The association's members included teachers, principals, physicians, scientists, and artists. The association published a 10-volume "Child Study Course" and a monthly magazine, "Itoshigo"; held meetings for mothers; and set up branches throughout Japan. The second association, Kodomo no Kyoyo, was established in 1929 by Yoshiki Takasaki and Takashi Takenami based on their belief in the importance of the education of children and parents. Kodomo no Kyoyo emphasized scientific approaches to child education, and psychologists, doctors, and scientists contributed articles to the association's journal. The religious background of the association's Christian staff influenced the association's position on child rearing and education. Kodomo no Kyoyo provided parents with a variety of learning opportunities, including short training courses, lecture and discussion meetings, and mothers' schools. Though both movements were active throughout Japan, they attracted primarily middle-class parents who were enthusiastic about their children's education. Both continued to publish until World War II. Japan's current social problems may speak to the need to promote parents' re-education once again. (AC)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan