ERIC Number: ED359918
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Distributed Training for the Reserve Component: Remote Delivery Using Asynchronous Computer Conferencing.
Hahn, H. A.; And Others
The purposes of this research were to evaluate the cost effectiveness of using Asynchronous Computer Conferencing (ACC) and to develop guidelines for effectively conducting high quality military training using ACC. The evaluation used a portion of the Engineer Officer Advanced Course (EOAC) as a test bed. Course materials which taught the same content presented in the resident course were developed for the remote, asynchronous presentation. This delivery system was called the System for Managing Asynchronous Remote Training (SMART). The efficacy of remote presentation was compared to that of the resident program with regard to completion rate, performance, acceptability, and cost. A summative evaluation determined the cost effectiveness of the SMART presentation as compared with the resident training. A formative evaluation and literature review were used to develop guidelines for conducting ACC training. Summative findings indicated: (1) ACC training costs less than resident training; (2) there were no differences no differences between resident and ACC students on objective performance measures; (3) ACC students perceived greater learning benefits than resident students; (4) ACC training had greater user acceptance; and (5) resident training takes less time than ACC training and has a better completion rate. The formative findings indicated that: (1) deadlines and group activities were the most effective pacing total of 8 hours of work on a course per week is a reasonable total of eight hours of work on a course per week is a reasonable student requirement; (4) immediate feedback is preferable to delayed feedback; and (5) support communications, such as a telephone hotline, are critical to the success of an ACC course. This report provides guidelines for how ACC courses should be implemented to maximize performance and acceptance. It also presents evidence supporting the cost effectiveness of ACC as a method of remotely delivering training to the Army Reserve Components. (DB)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Networks, Conventional Instruction, Cost Effectiveness, Course Evaluation, Distance Education, Feedback, Instructional Effectiveness, Intermode Differences, Microcomputers, Military Training, Postsecondary Education, Program Implementation, Student Attitudes, Teleconferencing
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst., Boise, ID.
Authoring Institution: Idaho National Engineering Lab., ID Falls.