ERIC Number: ED359895
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Expanding the Biomedical Model: Interviews with Medical Educators.
Tresolini, Carol P.; Shugars, Daniel A.
A study was done to broaden the understanding of how medical school programs can integrate the biomedical and psychosocial domains and to gather information for curriculum and program development and evaluation. The study used an exploratory, qualitative research approach and collected data through interviews with 22 expert medical faculty and administrators and through document reviews. The respondents described an integrated model that is broad in scope and that incorporates both a wider scientific theory and a more inclusive approach to medical practice than is offered by the current biomedical model. The integrated model embraces characteristics of a classic biopsychosocial model in its focus on the individual patient and the systems in which the patient is embedded and it also looks beyond to embrace a broader agenda for the community or population level. Findings also suggest that for a medical school to help students learn an integrated approach the curriculum should be patient-centered, integrated, developmental, and population-based. Ideal curricula would reflect all four characteristics throughout the curriculum resulting in programs that are in concert with principles of adult education and with the emerging health care needs of the population. Such curricula could be organized around the problems of practice and would support the creation of reflective practicums. (Contains 28 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.