ERIC Number: ED359645
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Membership Diversity on School Council Decision Making.
Robertson, Peter J.; Kwong, Sophia S.
This study explores the relationship between demographic diversity among members of school leadership councils and the nature and quality of their decision-making processes. A survey was mailed to all members of the leadership councils at 156 Los Angeles (California) Unified School District schools--of which 78 were involved in the shared decision-making (SDM) phase and 78 were involved in school-based management (SBM) phase. Fifty-seven schools, with a total of 682 surveys, qualified for inclusion in the study. Dependent variables included characteristics of the councils' functioning, and independent variables included aspects of the members' diversity. Findings indicate that differences in the amount of individual council experience negatively impacted group process. Greater role diversity had a positive effect on the level and quality of participation and on decision-making effectiveness. Gender and ethnic diversity had a minimal impact on the measured facets of council functioning--decision-making effectiveness, problem-solving effectiveness, noneducator involvement, and council effectiveness. Overall, demographic diversity among council members did not have an overwhelming impact on the nature of councils' operations. The findings indicate that, on the whole, council members do not perceive such negative consequences as, for example, that diversity makes the decision-making process more problematic. One table is included. The appendix contains dependent variable scales and items. (Contains 15 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A