ERIC Number: ED359456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Tracking Survivors through the High School Years: The Theory of Survival Analysis.
Duryea, Philip J. Elias
New Mexico's teenage pregnancy rate ranks third in the nation. Among New Mexico's teenage women, birth rates are 31% higher than the national rate for the 15 to 17 age group and 30% higher for the 18 to 19 age group. The New Mexico Survivorship Study, a longitudinal investigation being conducted in an effort to reduce these figures, uses the technique of survivorship methodology from epidemiology. In biomedical investigations that use survival analysis, patients with a lethal disease are followed over time until they die. Factors associated with greater survival times are then used to design more effective treatments. In the New Mexico Survivorship Study, this technique is being adapted to study teenage pregnancy. Beginning in the fall of 1993, teenage women (N=1,894) will be tracked over a risk period (7th through 12th grade) for a designated outcome (pregnancy) and those variables related to survival time will be examined statistically. School nurses at study sites will interview students who became pregnant (nonsurvivors). Matched control students who do not become pregnant (survivors) also will be interviewed. As a preliminary step, records from the past 5 years were accessed to establish some approximation of baseline incidence. The New Mexico Survivorship Study hopes that, by drawing information on etiology directly from young women who become pregnant, prevention mechanisms can be designed that will reduce the state's ranking in teenage pregnancies. (Contains 23 references.) (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex (35th, San Diego, CA, November 12-15, 1992).