ERIC Number: ED359452
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Sex, Gender and Locus of Control in College Students.
Freedman, Susan A.
Locus of control has most frequently been measured using Internal versus External measures. Some researchers have suggested that the External category should be broken down into two subcategories of powerful others and chance. In much previous research, Internality has been found to be related to positive adjustment. This may have implications for women and minorities, both of whom are more frequently found to attribute control to external factors. While several researchers have examined sex differences, few have used gender role measures in this research. This study was undertaken to examine the relationship between locus of control and gender role. Subjects (N=102) were college students who completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Powerful Others, Chance, and Internal attribution scale. Eighty-four of the subjects were classified as having an internal locus of control, none as having powerful others, four as having chance. Twenty-five subjects were not classifiable by their scores. A nonsignificant trend for the interaction of sex by locus of control was found. Findings further indicated that Internal locus of control may be over-represented in some college populations. (Contains 60 references.) (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).