ERIC Number: ED359442
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Attitudes toward Gender Roles in the Family: A Comparison of Women and Men in Dual and Single Earner Families.
Cassidy, Margaret L.; Warren, Bruce O.
The relationship between family employment status and attitudes toward gender roles in the family was examined for 295 married college graduates. The hypothesis that individuals in dual earner families will be more supportive of nontraditional family gender roles compared to those in single earner families was tested. Attitudinal differences between women and men also were examined, as well as the effects of selected demographic factors (age, individual earnings, educational attainment) and family background variables (mother's employment status, if one's spouse attended college, parenthood status) on gender role attitudes. Attitudes toward gender roles in the family were assessed using a nine-item scale. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyze the data. The results indicated that individuals in dual earner families, women, and people with employed mothers expressed greater support for nontraditional gender roles, while parents were less supportive of nontraditional roles. It appears that, even among a sample of college-educated individuals, variation in gender role attitudes exists, with attitudes most strongly influenced by family employment status. The gender attitudes of both women and men appear to be consistent with the personal choices they make about work and family arrangements. Furthermore, these attitudes seem to be reflective of ideological stances that enhance and protect one's dual or single earner arrangement. The findings suggest an important link between work experiences, lifestyle choices, and gender role attitudes for women and men. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A