ERIC Number: ED359381
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Barriers to Women Entering the Workforce: Math Anxiety. Research Bulletin No. 3.
Bernstein, Joan D.; And Others
New Jersey Equity Research Bulletin, n3 Fall 1992
One of four research projects designed to examine barriers to the entrance of women into the workforce, the study described in this bulletin examined the feelings of math in students in single parent and nontraditional career preparation programs in relation to selected demographic characteristics. Survey instruments consisting of a brief math test (to evoke feelings of math anxiety in students prone to them) and an attitude scale were administered to 1,152 students in vocational-technical and comprehensive schools in 12 New Jersey school districts. At age 12, males felt slightly more math anxiety than females did. By age 14, however, females were more anxious about math than males were. The feelings of math anxiety expressed by females were consistently higher than those of males until age 19. As they aged, students of both sexes became significantly less anxious about their math abilities. Males in the African-American, Hispanic, Asian, and Native American groups exhibited high levels of math anxiety, as did females in the African-American and Hispanic groups. Math anxiety was significantly lower among students of both sexes who had completed college preparatory mathematics, algebra (I and II), and geometry. Actions recommended for confronting math anxiety included asking math instructors to conduct a self-assessment of gender and ethnicity disparities in the classroom, starting a math club for females, and learning the visualization technique of anchoring. (Contains 12 references.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Montclair State Coll., Upper Montclair, NJ. Life Skills Center.
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey